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HORSEMILLS / HUMAN POWERED MILLS / TIDEMILLS / WATERMILLS - BATTERIES
WATERMILLS - FLOUR / WATERMILLS - SAWMILLS / WATERMILLS - OTHER
WINDMILLS - FLOUR / WINDMILLS - OTHER

WATER - POWERED FLOURMILLS IN AUSTRALIA


New South Wales / Norfolk Island / South Australia
Tasmania / Victoria / Western Australia

# = An image of the mill is available via e-mail.
NEW SOUTH WALES
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NORFOLK ISLAND
  1.     Built in 1795 under the direction of Nathaniel LUCAS for the fee of three ewes. He was a convict and had been transported to Sydney, Australia on the vessel Scarborough in the First Fleet in 1788. He was transferred to Norfolk Island on the HMS Supply in March 1788. The mill had an undershot wheel (another source states that it was overshot) and was built on the stream at Arthur's Vale. Forty men took 3 months to complete it. The mill had a capacity to grind and dress 18 bushels of flour a day. By 1796 the height of the dam had been raised about a metre. By 1833 it was reported as being inefficient and a replacement mill was desired.
  2.     Structural work began in 1828 and continued into 1829. An underground vaulted head race and shallow tailrace were constructed for the overshot wheel on the eastern side of the building to which water was delivered by a raised wooden trough. When fully operational, 111 bushells of wheat and 36 bushells of corn could be handled per day. The dam, which was the original watermill dam from the 1795 mill, was lined on its south side with limestone masonry in 1837. One hundred prisoners were employed for a month to work on the dam and the mill. The lining was not totally successful and 2 years later the dam was still a problem. A second reservoir was constructed upstream and several of the contributory streams were diverted to run in the one channel instead of into a chain of small swamps.
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SOUTH AUSTRALIA
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TASMANIA
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VICTORIA
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WESTERN AUSTRALIA
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