Cultivated Vicia species (Enneking, 1995)
Species synonym engl. name Use Ctry ref.
Vicia articulata Hornem. V.monanthos (L.) Desf.  One-flowered vetch  G, F TUR, SPA, MED 1,2,5
V. benghalensis L.  V.atropurpurea Desf Purple vetch  F IND, MENA 1,8 
V. monantha Retz V.calcarata Desf. (Dem)  Bard vetch G LIB, MENA  2, 8
V. ciliatula Lipsky V.ciliata Lipsky  7
V. cracca L.  V. tenuifolia Gren&Godr Tufted vetch  F CHI, JAP
ssp. tenuifolia(Roth) Gaud V. tenuifolia Roth  F IRQ 1
V. ervilia Willd  Ervum ervilia L. Bitter vetch  G, F MENA, WA 1,2,5,8 
V. faba L. Faba vulgaris Moench  Broad bean G widely  1
V. fulgens Battand. Scarlet vetch MENA  8
V. graminea Smith  V.selloi Vogel  F, G* S.AM  1,2
V. hirsuta(L.) Gray  Hairy tare F IND,EUR,WA,CIS  1,2
V. johannis Taman. G TUR 1
V. narbonensis L. Narbonne vetch G, F MENA  1,7,8
V. pannonica Crantz Hungarian vetch G TUR,GRG,MENA  1,2,7,8
V. peregrina  Broad Pod vetch F 8
V. pisiformis L. Pale flowered vetch G Europe  9
V. sativa L. ssp. sativa Common vetch  G, F  widely 1,7,8
ssp. amphicarpa Subterranean vetch F 8
V. tetrasperma (L.) Schreb Smooth vetch F White Russia  10
V. unijuga A.Br. Orobus lathyroides L.  Two leaved vetch F SIB, MAN, JAP  1,2
V. villosa Roth  Hairy Vetch C, F  USA, ETH 1,7,8
ssp. varia (Host) Corb ssp. dasycarpa (Ten)Cav  Woolly pod vetch C, F widely 8

Abbreviations: C: Cover crop, G: Grain , F: Forage

CTRY: Country (mainly ex. ref. 1 and 2): CIS: former U.S.S.R.; EUR: Europe; ETH: Ethiopia; IND: India; JAP: Japan; GRG: Georgia; MAN: Manchuria; MED: Mediterranean region; MENA: Middle East and North Africa; PRT: Portugal; SPA: Spain; TUR: Turkey; WA: West Asia, WANA: West Asia and North Africa.

References: 1. Butler (1989) whose sources for her table on cultivated Vicieae were (Aykroyd and Doughty, 1982; Davis, 1970; Duke, 1981; Summerfield and Roberts, 1985; Thulin, 1983; Townsend and Guest, 1974; Zhukovsky, 1924) 2. Zeven and de Wet (1982) (sources likely to be based largely on Zhukovsky's work); 3. Duke, (1981) source: Fedchenko, S. (1948) Genus Vicia in 'Flora of U.S.S.R. Vol XIII etc. 12 species subgen. Vicia 19 species subgen. Vicilla as cultivated or semi-cultivated: V. benghalensis L., V. ervilia (L.) Willd., V. faba L., V. monantha Retz. (syn. V. calcarata Desf.), V. pannonica Crantz, V. sativa L., V. sativa L. ssp. nigra (L.) Ehrh., V. villosa Roth (syn. V. dasycarpa Ten.);5. Fischer, (1937); 6. Hermann, (1960); 7. Kupche, (1938); 8. Kernick, (1978); 9. Kunkel (1984); 10. Hegi & Gams, (1924)

* V. graminea was cultivated for its seed lectins (Labouriau, 1968; Ottensooser, 1955; Ottensooser, 1958)

Bibliography