POBLACHT NA H EIREANN.
___________________________
THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT
OF THE
IRISH REPUBLIC
TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND

IRISHMEN AND IRISHWOMEN: In the name of God and of the dead generations from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom.

Having organised and trained her manhood through her secret revolutionary organisation, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and through her open military organisations, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army, having patiently perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment to reveal itself, she now seizes that moment, and, supported by her exiled children in America and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her own strength, she strikes in full confidence of victory.

We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, and to the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible. The long usurpation of that right by a foreign people and government has not extinguished the right, nor can it ever be extinguished except by the destruction of the Irish people. In every generation the Irish people have asserted their right to national freedom and sovereignty; six times during the last three hundred years they have asserted it to arms. Standing on that fundamental right and again asserting it in arms in the face of the world, we hereby proclaim the Irish Republic as a Sovereign Independent State, and we pledge our lives and the lives of our comrades-in-arms to the cause of its freedom, of its welfare, and of its exaltation among the nations.

The Irish Republic is entitled to, and hereby claims, the allegiance of every Irishman and Irishwoman. The Republic guarantees religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens, and declares its resolve to pursue the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and all of its parts, cherishing all of the children of the nation equally and oblivious of the differences carefully fostered by an alien government, which have divided a minority from the majority in the past.

Until our arms have brought the opportune moment for the establishment of a permanent National, representative of the whole people of Ireland and elected by the suffrages of all her men and women, the Provisional Government, hereby constituted, will administer the civil and military affairs of the Republic in trust for the people.

We place the cause of the Irish Republic under the protection of the Most High God. Whose blessing we invoke upon our arms, and we pray that no one who serves that cause will dishonour it by cowardice, in humanity, or rapine. In this supreme hour the Irish nation must, by its valour and discipline and by the readiness of its children to sacrifice themselves for the common good, prove itself worthy of the august destiny to which it is called.

Signed on Behalf of the Provisional Government.

Thomas J. Clarke,
Sean Mac Diarmada, Thomas MacDonagh,
P. H. Pearse, Eamonn Ceannt,
James Connolly, Joseph Plunkett


Links to Some 1916 Photos and Information

A Terrible Beauty is Born

1916 Rising Plaque

Kilmainahan Gaol

Flag of the Republic 1916

Surrender Notice

James Connolly's Execution Site

Patrick Pearse Ireland's Rebel

Free Eire

 

 

Irish Civil War Plaque

 


The Signatories of the Proclamation

Clarke.jpg (2582 bytes) Thomas J Clarke.

A veteran Sinn Fein Supporter.... Executed

Mdermott.jpg (2659 bytes) Sean MacDermott

Fought at the GPO.... Executed

Donagh.jpg (2751 bytes) Thomas MacDonagh

Executed

Pearse.jpg (2485 bytes) Patrick Pearse

Born on Nov. 10, 1879, at 27 Great Brunswick St., Dublin. After graduation from Royal University of Ireland he was called to the bar, but he never practiced. He joined the Gaelic League in 1895 and in 1908, along with friends Thomas MacDonagh, Con Colbert, and his brother William, Pearse founded an Irish language school called St. Enda's at Cullenwood House in Rathmines outside Dublin.

 

Ceannt.jpg (2554 bytes) Eamonn Ceannt

Fought in the South Dublin Union.... Executed

 

connolly.jpg (2551 bytes) James Connolly

1868 June 5: born Edinburgh, Scotland. 1882: joined Second Battalion of the Royal Scots Regiment; stationed first at Cork, later in Dublin. 1889: deserted the army and fled to Perth, Scotland. 1895 May: became Secretary of the Scottish Socialist Federation. 1896 May: left with his family for Dublin to take up employment as paid organizer of Dublin Socialist Club. 1897: Erin's Hope published. 1897 June 21: demonstration commemorating 1798; arrested; Maud Gonne paid fine for his release. 1902: toured USA on behalf of the Socialist Labor Party. 1903 September 18: sailed for USA leaving his family in Dublin; he became involved with the Socialist Labor Party on the east coast. 1908: appointed organizer of Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). 1909: Socialism Made Easy published. 1910: Labor in Irish History published in US. 1915: Re-Conquest of Ireland published. 1915: "Acting General Secretary", Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU). 1916: took part in the Easter Rising at General Post Office, Dublin; arrested. 1916 May 12: executed by firing squad.

 

Plunkett.jpg (2921 bytes) Joseph Plunkett

On the eve of May 3rd, 1916, hours before his execution, Joseph Plunkett, desperately ill with tuberculosis, married the young artist Grace Gifford in the Gaol's Catholic Chapel, They were allowed only ten minutes together after their marriage and during those ten minutes they were not allowed to even be alone. A few short hours later, he faced the firing squad in the stone-breaker's yard, becoming one of fourteen to be executed there between may 3rd and May 13th, 1916. Unknown to Grace at that time, she would also become a prisoner in Kilmainham a few short years later, along with James Connolly's daughter

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